I just read a good article about ways to build a good reputation at work. Some I experienced myself through my over 10 years working in the USA.
So, a brief summary of the article as follows.
1) You need to be careful at email communication. Email is a quick way to communicate to a broad group at work, but it becomes very inefficient if it is for large audience. Don't hit that reply-all button, think twice.
2) Be patient at meetings, listen more and say less. New hires tend to make the mistake of being too eager. Thus hurt some other worker's feelings. Also, employees who interrupt their boss or embarrass their boss in a meeting will quickly find themselves trouble.
3) Be active to build reputation at work. Even if you work really hard, the work can't speak for itself. You have to be proactive to socialize at your job.