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作者: JC 更新日期: 2013-09-22 22:20
在美国作为developer, 很多人会关心自己业余开发的软件,雇主是否有所有权?


加州的劳动法里,具体设计这方面的信息的地方,请看 LABOR CODE SECTION 2870-2872, 节选如下:

(a) Any provision in an employment agreement which provides that an employee shall assign, or offer to assign, any of his or her rights in an invention to his or her employer shall not apply to an invention that the employee developed entirely on his or her own time without using the employer's equipment, supplies, facilities, or trade secret information except for those inventions that either:
(1) Relate at the time of conception or reduction to practice of the invention to the employer's business, or actual or demonstrably anticipated research or development of the employer; or
(2) Result from any work performed by the employee for the employer.

(b) To the extent a provision in an employment agreement purports to require an employee to assign an invention otherwise excluded from being required to be assigned under subdivision (a), the provision is against the public policy of this state and is unenforceable.

根据上述加州的法律,如果确实是自己业余开发的软件(没有利用公司的资源而且也不是公司业务的延伸),但雇主硬是要求将该软件化为公司所有的话, 那么公司的这种做法就是违反法律的了。


California - Cal. Lab. Code 2870-72
注: 加州的法律还要求雇主要将这项法律通知员工.

Delaware - Del. Code Ann. tit. 19 805

Illinois - 765 Ill. Comp. Stat 1060/2

Kansas - Kan. Stat. Ann. 44-130

North Carolina - N.C. Gen. Stat. 66-57.1-.2

Washington - Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 49.44.140, .150

Utah - Utah Code Title 34 Chapter 39

需要指出的一点是,有的公司是全美性质的,跨州经营。所以,公司总部制定的劳资合同,比较general, 不一定就符合各个州政府的规定。所以,如果业余自己开发软件的话,最好向律师咨询,问问清楚.
想了解更多的美国生活工作成功窍门?请订阅: JC写的剑知美国生活快报。
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